While most people are aware of breast cancer, many forget to take the steps in order to detect the disease in its early stages. Although there are no single, independent causes of cancer, many different factors are known to contribute to cancer risk. Many of these fall into the category of nutrition and diet. The followings are a few diet recommendations by the American Cancer Society’s Medical and Scientific Commitee on cancer prevention:
1. Reduce total fat intake. Dietary fat is mainly associated with increased risk of colon, breast and prostate cancer.
2. Eat more high-fiber foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, and whole grains.
3. Include in your diet, foods that are rich in vitamin A and C. Beta-carotene, the precursor to vitamin A (found in carrots, spinach, tomatoes, apricots, peaches, melons,…), is known to help reduce carcinogenesis. Vitamin C (found in citrus fruits, berries,…), is also known to prevent cancer by interfering with the production of nitrosamine, a carcinogen formed from dietary nitrites in preserved foods.
4. Avoid the consumption of salt-cured, smoked, and nitrate-treated foods. Nitrites and nitrates can form nitrosamine (a carcinogenic), in the digestive tract. Also the smoking of foods can cause fats to be converted to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are carcinogenic.